Your home's main sewer line carries all of your waste from your home's main pipes to the city's sewer. If this main line becomes clogged, it can cause horrible sewage backups into your home -- and clearing it can be quite an expensive endeavor. For this reason, it is important to do all that you can to prevent your main sewer line from clogging. This requires just a little preventative maintenance and a few precautions:
Don't flush anything except for human waste and toilet paper.
Tampons, sanitary pads, and even personal wipes should not go down your toilet. These products' packages might claim that they are "flushable," but every time you flush one, you're increasing your chances of a clog. Toilet paper breaks down very quickly, so if some of it does become caught in your main sewer line, it will only be a few hours until it breaks down and is washed away without any extra effort from you. The same can't be said of tampons, wipes, and other materials -- they take months or years to break down, so they'd have to be physically removed from your main sewer line if they were to cause a clog.
Don't allow grease down the drain.
Pouring grease down the drain won't cause your main sewer line to clog immediately, but falling into this habit over the years may eventually lead to a tremendous clog. When the grease leaves the warmer pipes in your home and flows into the cooler main sewer pipe, it becomes a solid and sticks to the side of the pipe. Other materials, such and little chunks of food and flushed waste, may slowly stick to the grease and lead to a clog.
Dispose of bacon grease and other cooking grease in the trash, and scrape off your plates before cleaning them in the sink. Never put meat fat scraps or fried food down the garbage disposal.
Plant trees far away from your main sewer line.
One of the most common clogging culprits come from outside the main sewer line, not inside. Tree roots sometimes grow into the pipe and make it difficult for waste and water to travel through it. You can reduce the chances of this happening by knowing where your main sewer line is and then never planting any trees near it. If you're not sure where your main sewer line is, try looking at your home's building plans. You could also contact your municipality -- the sewer department should tell you where the main line is.
If there are currently trees growing near your main sewer line, you can keep the roots from overgrowing into the pipe by periodically pouring a root-destroying product down your drains. These products kill any roots that have grown into your sewer line so that no more growth is experienced. If your line is already fully clogged, they won't help -- but they will help prevent a full clog if you're at the beginning stages of root growth.
Fill your sinks and drain them.
About once a month, fill all of the sinks in your home with water. Then, release the plugs so that all of the water drains down at once. (You might need to enlist some friends to help you with this so all of the plugs are pulled up at once.) The high pressure of that much water rushing down into the sewer line at once will help rinse away the beginnings of any clog before it has a chance to grow larger.
If you are experiencing signs of a clogged main sewer line, such as sewage backups or slow drains throughout your home, contact a sewer cleaning company, such as Jarrach Cesspools, before the problem gets any worse.